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Monday, December 12, 2011

Major reason of the decline of Ummah by Ibtisam Elahi Zaheer


One of the major reason of the decline of Ummah is that we

 have forgot the basis of love .We are fighting eachother in 

the name of ethnicity ,caste and colour despite the fact that 

our faith is same



Allah swt created  the father of humanity Adam aliehi salam from dust and clay and this fact has been  mentioned in Quran in the following manner:

And indeed, We created man from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud. (Al-Hijr 15:26)

And later on his generations were continued through drop of water as mentioned in Quran in the following manner:

And indeed We created man (Adam) out of an extract of clay (water and earth). Thereafter We made him (the offspring of Adam) as a Nutfah (mixed drops of the male and female sexual discharge) (and lodged it) in a safe lodging (womb of the woman). (Al-Mu'minun 23:12-13)

And among His Signs is this, that He created you (Adam) from dust, and then [Hawwa' (Eve) from Adam's rib, and then his offspring from the semen, and], - behold you are human beings scattered! (Ar-Rum 30:20)

As a result of this cycle Allah swt  created a large number of human beings as mentioned in Holy Quran in the following manner:

O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam), and from him (Adam) He created his wife [Hawwa (Eve)], and from them both He created many men and women (An-Nisa 4:1)

This large number of human beings was later on merged into different large ethnic groups and small sub groups .There were two purposes of this division:

1 Sign of ALLAH swt ie diversity in His creation
2 Identification of human beings

These two purposes have been mentioned in following verses of Holy Quran:

And among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the difference of your languages and colours. Verily, in that are indeed signs for men of sound knowledge. (Ar-Rum 30:22)

On another instance Allah swt says:

See you not that Allâh sends down water (rain) from the sky, and We produce therewith fruits of varying colours, and among the mountains are streaks white and red, of varying colours and (others) very black. And of men and Ad­Dawâb (moving living creatures, beasts, etc.), and cattle, in like manner of various colours. It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allâh. Verily, Allâh is All­Mighty, Oft­Forgiving. (Fatir 35:27-28)

It means that this diversity is not only  prevailing in human beings but this diversity is apparent in other creations also and when once a person concentrates on this diversity he is amazed at the creating power of Allah swt and than he return towards Him in submission and humility.

The second purpose of this creation is identification which is obvious from the following verse of the Holy Quran:

O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allâh is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. one of the Muttaqûn (pious - see V.2:2). Verily, Allâh is All-Knowing, All-Aware. (Al-Hujurat 49:13)

This diversity in ethnicity and tribes is highlighting this fact that the tribes are for identification and nobody can be preferred on other due to his race and ethnicity .Some people are proud of their ethnicity and race and take others as inferior to them where as in fact all human beings are equal except those who are having real fear of Allah swt.The pride of human being on his ethnicity and language is indeed a sign of his ignorance .

This fact has been mentioned in khutbah of Hajj of Holy prophet salal laho aliehi wasalam:

All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. 
It is unlucky that Muslims have forgot the last khutbah of Hajj of their prophet salal laho aliehi wasalam and even till this day are showing pride on their ethnicity ,caste ,colour and creed where as after the advent of Islam all Muslims black or white Arab or non arabs  have been converted to Ummah .

Allah swt has said in the Holy Quran:

"The believers are nothing else than brothers. So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allah, that you may receive mercy." (Al-Hujjurat, 49:10)

And it has been mentioned in hadith of Rasool salal laho aliehi wasalam:

"The Believers, in their mutual love, mercy and compassion, are like one body: if one organ complained, the rest of the body develops a fever." (Bukhari & Muslim)

It is a matter of pity that Muslims are like one body and Allah swt have established brotherhood between them but till this day Muslims are fighting each other on the basis of caste ,colour and creed.Arab is mocking non arab Persian is mocking Arab,Pakistani is mocking afghani,Indian is mocking Pakistani,Pashtoo speaking is mocking Punjabi speaking and Punjabi speaking is mocking Urdu speaking .
Every one is assuming that he is superior and forgets the ayah of Holy Quran:

O you who believe! Let not a group scoff at another group, it may be that the latter are better than the former; nor let (some) women scoff at other women, it may be that the latter are better than the former, nor defame one another, nor insult one another by nicknames. How bad is it, to insult one's brother after having Faith [i.e. to call your Muslim brother (a faithful believer) as: "O sinner", or "O wicked", etc.]. And whosoever does not repent, then such are indeed Zâlimûn (wrong-doers, etc.). (Al-Hujurat 49:11)

Muslims should be knowing that tribes are for identification and languages are for communication. These things donot make some one superior. Superiority is based on two attributes:

1)Knowledge
2)Piety

These two things have been mentioned in the following verses of Holy Quran:

 "Are those who know equal to those who know not?" It is only men of understanding who will remember (i.e. get a lesson from Allâh's Signs and Verses). (Az-Zumar 39:9)

On another instance Allah swt says:

Allâh will exalt in degree those of you who believe, and those who have been granted knowledge. And Allâh is Well-Acquainted with what you do. (Al-Mujadilah 58:11)

As far as status due to Taqwah is concerned it has been mentioned in Holy Quran :

. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allâh is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. one of the Muttaqûn (pious - see V.2:2). Verily, Allâh is All-Knowing, All-Aware. (Al-Hujurat 49:13)

Before the advent of Rasool salal laho aliehi wasalam tribes were fighting each other due to their genealogy but prophet salal laho aliehi wasalam combined them and bring them all under the umbrella of Islam.
It is an established fact that Arabic got superiority over other languages because in this language message of Allah swt was revealed but it is also an established fact that message of Quran has preference over its language because its message is not restricted to Arabs it is for whole universe.

Allah swt has clearly indicated this reality in Holy Quran in following manner:

And if We had sent this as a Qur'ân in a foreign language other than Arabic, they would have said: "Why are not its Verses explained in detail (in our language)? What! (A Book) not in Arabic and (the Messenger) an Arab?" Say: "It is for those who believe, a guide and a healing. And as for those who disbelieve, there is heaviness (deafness) in their ears, and it (the Qur'ân) is blindness for them. They are those who are called from a place far away (so they neither listen nor understand). (Fussilat 41:44)

Alas Muslims are unable to comprehend the message of universal brother hood and are fighting with each other in the name of tribes ,ethnicity and languages .There is no concept of east or west in Islam .It is a global reality and message of Islam is beyond time and space.
Allama Iqbal truely presented the current scenario of Muslims in following way:

Yoon To Syed Bhi Ho, Mirza Bhi Ho, Afghan Bhi Ho
 Tum Sabhi Kuch Ho Batao Ke Musalman Bhi Ho”

And on another instance he truely said:

Firqa bandian hain kaheen or kaheen zatain hain
Kiya zamanay main panapnay key yahee batain hain

If Muslims raise above these things and see the world with the eyes of Muslims they can counter the attacks of infidels else they will be humiliated in the same manner for decades
If our religion is our binding force we will be loving each other on the base of our religion as mentioned in following hadiths of Rasool salal laho aliehi wasalam:

1)"None of you truly believes until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself." (Bukhari & Muslim)
2)You will not enter paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I not guide you to something which if you carry out you will love one another? Spread salaam amongst yourselves." (Muslim)
3) "If one of you loves his brother for Allah's sake, then let him know, since it causes familiarity to endure and firmly establishes love."
4) "Do not have malice against a Muslim; do not be envious of other Muslims; do not go against a Muslim and forsake him. O the slave of Allah! Be like brothers with each other. It is not allowed for a Muslim to desert his brother for over three days." (Muslim & Tirmidhi)

These hadiths were truely reflected in the lives of sahabas they used to love and hate not on the base of ethnicity .They used to love each other on the base of Islam even if there was a gap of ethnicity between them  and used to hate enemies of Allah swt even if there was a close relation between them.

Allah swt has also made it clear in the Holy Quran in the following verse:

You (O Muhammad SAW) will not find any people who believe in Allâh and the Last Day, making friendship with those who oppose Allâh and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW ), even though they were their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their kindred (people). For such He has written Faith in their hearts, and strengthened them with Rûh (proofs, light and true guidance) from Himself. And We will admit them to Gardens (Paradise) under which rivers flow, to dwell therein (forever). Allâh is pleased with them, and they with Him. They are the Party of Allâh. Verily, it is the Party of Allâh that will be the successful. (Al-Mujadilah 58:22)

On another instance Allah swt says:

O you who believe! Take not for Auliyâ' (supporters and helpers) your fathers and your brothers if they prefer disbelief to Belief. And whoever of you does so, then he is one of the Zâlimûn (wrong-doers, etc) Say: If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your kindred, the wealth that you have gained, the commerce in which you fear a decline, and the dwellings in which you delight … are dearer to you than Allâh and His Messenger, and striving hard and fighting in His Cause[], then wait until Allâh brings about His Decision (torment). And Allâh guides not the people who are Al-Fâsiqûn (the rebellious, disobedient to Allâh). (At-Tawbah 9:23-24)

Ibne Hisham quoted the incident of Musab ibne Umair radi Allahu anhu who was appointed on the prisoners on day of Badar.He found his real brother Abu Azeez among the prisoners .Musab ibn e Umair commanded his associate  Abu Yusr: "Treat him harshly, for his mother is a wealthy woman." Abu 'Azeez said: "Brother is it for you to give this counsel?" "Mu'sab replied" You are not my brother," my brother is the one who is tying up your hands."

If the stance of Quran is infront of us how can we claim superiority over others on the basis of caste colour and creed.How can an Arab mock a non Arab ?how can an Indian think low of Pakistani and how can a Punjabi or Urdu speaking have rivalry with each other.


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